A knee arthroscopy is a common surgical procedure in which a joint is viewed using a small camera. An arthroscopy gives doctors a clear view of the inside of the knee and this can help them diagnose and treat knee problems. The term arthroscopy comes from two Greek words – arthro (joint) and skopein (to examine).
During the procedure, your orthopaedic surgeon makes some small incisions into the skin and inserts the arthroscope (a small camera instrument about the size of a pencil) into your knee joint. The arthroscope sends the image to a television monitor. On the monitor, your surgeon can see the structures of the knee in great detail, and can assess the amount or type of injury. Any problems can be repaired or corrected if necessary.
- Removal or repair of torn meniscal cartilage
- Reconstruction of a torn anterior cruciate ligament
- Trimming of torn pieces of articular cartilage
- Removal of loose fragments of bone or cartilage
- Removal of inflamed synovial tissue